Travelling to South Asia
South Asia is a diverse and culturally unique destination that is growing in popularity among Australian travellers. Including beautiful and exotic locations such as India, Nepal and The Maldives it presents an opportunity to experience some of the most breathtaking and spiritual sites in the world. With this comes a high risk of illness. Preventable disease is extremely common in South Asia, so it is highly recommended you visit a travel doctor prior to your visit.
Malaria is present. Certain areas have much higher risk than others. There is no vaccine for Malaria and a course of medication is to be taken instead. One of our Travel Doctor's will assess your risk and advise whether anti-malarial medications are recommended for your journey. If you expect to stay for a long period of time or will be outdoors a lot, please make an appointment with us.
Travellers Diarrhoea (Gastroenteritis)
Travellers diarrhoea (popularly referred to as Bali Belly) is very common and is generally contracted through drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated foods. It is generally not life threatening and clears up after a few days.
- Abdominal pain
- Urgency to use the toilet
- Weakness or general discomfort
It is highly recommended you are well prepared for this common illness by packing the appropriate medications and hydration. Please talk to one of our doctors about getting a customised travel kit for your destination.
Yellow Fever Certificate*
*A Yellow Fever vaccination certificate is only required for travellers arriving by air or sea, from or in transit through, a country with risk of Yellow Fever transmission 6 days prior to arrival. A vaccination certificate is also required for travellers arriving from Rwanda. In addition, all travellers who do not have proof of vaccination will be quarantined for up to 6 days.
The vaccination requirement is imposed by this country for protection against Yellow Fever since the principal mosquito vector Aedes aegypti is present in its territory.
Children: A vaccination certificate is required for children over 6 months of age. However, Yellow Fever vaccination is not recommended for children under 9 months of age. If travel is unavoidable and the child’s physician considers vaccination unwise, ask for a letter on the physician’s own stationary explaining the reason for not vaccinating the child. Note that some countries may not honour this and the infant may be refused entry or be put under surveillance upon arrival.
Risk of Yellow Fever transmission exists in these countries:
- AFRICA – Angola, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda.
- AMERICAS – Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela.
The World Health Organization announced that as of 11 July 2016, existing and new Yellow Fever vaccination certificates are valid for life. Countries can no longer require travellers to show proof of re-vaccination or a booster dose as a condition of entry. Travellers should note that this new regulation may not be honoured by all border authorities during the transition phase.
For more information about yellow fever requirements click here.
Hepatitis A is a debilitating viral infection of the liver. It is highly common in developing countries due to poor sanitation. It is strongly recommended you get vaccinated against hepatitis A at least 21 days prior to travelling. Hepatitis A with a follow-up booster shot 6 months after your first generally lasts for around 10 years. If you haven't had a shot in a while it's best to check with one of our doctors if you need another.
Hepatitis B is a highly dangerous and potentially fatal infection of the liver. Hepatitis B can lead to liver cancer if untreated. Most people diagnosed with liver cancer in Australia die within one to two years – many in the first month after diagnosis. It is strongly recommended you protect yourself against this deadly virus when visiting developing countries. Most Australian's born after 1988 would have received a series of 3 Hepatitis B vaccinations between the ages of 0 - 6 months. The shots are expected to last your lifetime, however, it is recommended you have your blood tested prior to travelling to risky locations or engaging in high-risk Hepatitis B transmission behaviour in which case you may need a booster shot. If you have not had a vaccination or cannot recall the last time you were vaccinated it is best that you contact us and our doctors will make a recommendation based on your circumstances.
Typhoid is a bacterial disease spread through contaminated food, water or unwashed hands as well as flies. The illness may not be noticeable for 1-2 weeks after transmission and symptoms can include fever, headache, loss of appetite, muscle aches and a dry cough. All travellers should be vaccinated against typhoid as it is quite common in developing, rural or remote areas. Vaccinations generally last 2-3 years but are only 60-70% efficient so it is highly recommended to conduct safe practices when it comes to the handling and consumption of food and overall sanitation. Please discuss with one of our doctors for more details specific to your journey.
Plan on climbing mountains or travelling to high ground? For anyone travelling 2000m above sea level should be aware of this debilitating sickness caused by lack of oxygen. Preventative medication is available, so if you feel you might be at risk please speak to one of our doctors for a customised travel kit including the medications you will require.
Influenza is the most common preventable disease among travellers. It is highly contagious and has a range of uncomfortable symptoms that are sure to ruin any holiday or trip away. An annual flu shot is recommended to keep the flu at bay. As the flu virus is constantly adapting itself, it's necessary to continue getting shots to ensure your protection against the latest strain of the viral infection. Play it safe and get a flu shot if you plan on travelling.
Rabies is typically contracted through a bite from an infected animal. Unless treated immediately, rabies is universally fatal. The required treatment for a rabies bite is not readily available in many parts of the developing world. A vaccine can prevent infection so it is highly recommended you get a vaccine if you expect to be coming into contact with animals in countries that have a risk of rabies. If you're unsure we recommend to speak to one of our doctors who will assess whether you need the vaccine.
Note: A course of 3 shots is required over 3 weeks. Please ensure you plan and check the price in advance.
- Excess salivation
- Muscle spasms
- Mental confusion
Japanese Encephalitis is transmitted to humans by mosquitos. About 1 in 4 contractions prove fatal. In temperate areas of Asia, JE virus transmission is seasonal. Human disease usually peaks in the summer and fall. In the subtropics and tropics, transmission can occur year-round, often with a peak during the rainy season. Whether you will require a vaccine against JE depends on your itinerary, length of stay and time of year that you travel. It is recommended you discuss your travel plans with one of our doctors to determine whether you will require a JE vaccination.
Meningococcal Meningitis is a potentially fatal disease. While uncommon among travellers, it is risky for anyone with a non-functioning spleen to travel to an area where it is present. Please speak with a travel doctor to determine your risk.
Travel KitsWe offer a variety of travel kits, ranging from a basic gastro kit to an adventure pack. From gauze to altitude sickness medication, we prepare you for all eventualities.
Fit To Travel CertificatesFrom an itemised list of prescription medication to Fitness to Travel Certification, we make your transition through customs and border patrol a stress free experience.
Management PlansOur Doctors will prepare a care plan for you, which will help you to manage your existing health concerns and avoid further complications that a change of climate and a long flight can bring.
Ready to go?
Book in an assessment with one of our highly qualified travel doctors. This consult will allow us to determine what region/country you intend to visit, which vaccines are appropriate, and what health risks you may encounter whilst travelling abroad.
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